“Candomblé” is the name of the religion practiced in Brazil that originally came to the New World from Africa. The Portuguese brought slaves to Brazil from different parts of West Africa, and contemporary candomblé combines the rituals, beliefs, music, art, dance, costumes, food and theological constructs from all these regions, as well as incorporating important elements of the indigenous and colonial cultures of Brazil. In a very broad sense, the Yoruba speaking peoples of Southwestern Nigeria can be considered the strongest contributors to both the music and the belief system of candomblé, but there are nevertheless three main, distinct groups or sub-traditions called “Nations” which are organized into “axés” or houses:

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